GM's 200 MPG+ Fantasy...

Everyone was shocked when GM took a gigantic government bailout. What was equally shocking to me was to see GM claim that in 2010, they would have a car capable of 230 mpg. Well, as we all know everything is not always as it seems. When I came across this article by Adrian Veidt, Senior Editor of Casey’s Extraordinary Technology I thought I would share it with you and get your take. The auto industry is changing, will GM be able to finally make the changes it needs to?


A few weeks ago, Government Motors dropped a public relations bomb when new chief Fritz Henderson announced that the forthcoming Chevy Volt would get an astonishing 230 miles per gallon (that's 98 kilometers per liter, for our metric-system friends).

For those of you not yet familiar, the Volt is a plug-in hybrid car. The car runs primarily on electric power, with batteries charged overnight by simply plugging the car into an electrical outlet like a cell phone. Its gasoline engine is used only to charge the battery and supplement the power when the batteries run low.

Due in late 2010 at the earliest, GM is pinning the company's hopes in large part on the new technology and the associated PR bump of having the most fuel-efficient car offered by a mainstream company.

So, how about that 230 mpg claim?

We'll stop short of calling it a fabrication and instead chalk it up to a classic apples-to-oranges comparison. After all, the Volt will be powered more by coal than by oil. You see, the mileage claim is based in part on the idea that the average driver puts less than 40 miles per day on their car, and that because the Volt is plugged in overnight, it has enough juice to make it back and forth to work having barely sipped a drop of gasoline. But hop on the highway for a 230-mile ride to visit a client or take a vacation, and you're likely to use quite a bit more gas than your window sticker would have you think. Probably by an order of magnitude.

United States EPA mileage guidelines are based on a bunch of hypothetical “typical” driving patterns. And the makers of conventional and plug-in hybrid cars are lobbying hard to change those patterns to reflect well on the broad range of possible outcomes these funky two-mode drive trains could have, with their on-again-off-again relationship with the gas tank. And the GM announcement of 230 mpg is based on some unpublished, unverified agreement the carmaker claims to have reached with its government sibling, the EPA, on how to judge the car's performance in the "City."

However, if GM's claims prove true that operating the car off the electric grid costs about one-third of what it costs on gasoline at today's prices, it won't matter what formula the EPA uses. There are sure to be many more PR moments between now and when Volts are a common sight on the road, including years of arguments about the environmental impact of moving the burden of powering a car from oil to a predominantly coal-powered electrical grid. But more electric cars are coming, one way or another, and the impact will be major on the economy and the environment.

GM is by no means the only car company working on a mostly electric or all-electric vehicle. In our inaugural issue of Casey’s Extraordinary Technology, we covered the Fisker Karma, a high-end sports car plug-in that is part of a class of flashy racers based on similar technologies, including the Ronn Scorpion and Tesla Roadster.

On the more affordable front, virtually every major car company from Nissan to Ford has announced plans to add or expand their electric line-up. And many of them will have the jump on GM in timing, so it remains to be seen how much the Volt will actually help GM in the long run. But for now, it makes for some good headlines – even if they don't make a lot of sense on closer examination.

And the race is only beginning. Car companies are in a scramble to buy and build the components that will power tomorrow's cars. They are building so furiously that the cars are often announced before all the parts have even been invented.

Tesla Motors notoriously sold out their entire first year's volume of cars well before developing a transmission able to withstand the incredible torque these electric motors can put out, and delayed the initial shipments by months as a result. And according to recent statements from GM, some parts of the Volt are not yet fully baked, and there is a risk they won't all be complete by the currently scheduled launch date.

Despite GM's struggles to bring the Volt to market, there’s no doubt that technology is changing the automotive industry forever and that mpg will soon be a wholly inadequate metric on which to judge the efficiency of a car. You can expect GM's inflated claims to be reduced when the Volt finally hits showroom floors in a few years. But you can also expect shockwaves to run through the industry and the economy as virtually every component of the car, shy of the seats, is rethought over the next decade. Fortunes will be made and lost in a way that has not been seen in the automotive industry in half a century or more.


Adrian Veidt

The inaugural edition of Casey’s Extraordinary Technology debuted in July. If you like tech, or more to the point, the money that is to be made from tech, check out Casey’s Extraordinary Technology.

7 thoughts on “GM's 200 MPG+ Fantasy...

  1. Why do we never here how much your electric bill is going to go up when you plug these cars in?

  2. Yeah, the volt is a hope, a dream, not a reality, and probably won't be all that cool when delivered. I know far too much about battery tech to think any car manuf can really do this well at this point.

    But I got a 2010 Camaro SS with my profits from the first three months of trading this year, and it's doggone nice indeed. Forget 200+ mpg, this thing goes 200+ mpH and draws crowds whenever I stop, and oh yeah, gets over 22 mpg driving on the mountain roads where I live -- driving with a lead foot. Wretched excess comes to mind -- what a luxury to never be last in line!

    Anyone who says GM doesn't make cars people want hasn't driven one of these or seen the crowds it draws. WHAT a car. As I trade all day every day from home, I still burn more gas in my lawnmowers and chainsaws than in the car.

  3. Although 230 mpg is an eye catcher, as soon as most people
    realize its a fabrication (lie) they will lose interest and
    confidence in the car and GM. Poor advertising doesn't help
    this loser.

  4. GM's biggest problem is that, shortly on the heels of announcing that the Volt would get 230 mpg, it announced that the Volt would cost in excess of $40K - for a car that had previously been advertised as a competitor for lower-priced hybrids from Toyota and Honda. More great strategic planning!

  5. The numbers may be nonsense BUT America, you gotta get off oil. Oil you buy from people that don't like you mostly. The wealth that's been shipped overseas because of foreign oil is almost unimaginable. Coal may suck but it's made at home and temporary while better solutions come along. Natural gas is so cheap now, and can be entirely American sourced should be on the table too. In the meantime, invent greener electric sources and export them to the rest of the world. Americal should be an energy and energy technology exporter.

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